Bogota, Colombia – Although the phone rings incessantly, Carlos Moreno is not distracted. He continues to talk, not just about his life as a slightly greying 78-year-old pastor but also about how he became what some consider to be the worlds first microfinance recipient. It wasnt as an entrepreneur. “My life is dedicated to the Lord, he says. Although Carlos had launched a tea and spice business in the early 1970s, he hadnt aspired to be an entrepreneur. That is the case with most microfinance recipients. Yet the movement that extends small, uncollateralised loans to the poor to start businesses has marketed itself as being about entrepreneurship. That is a mistake. While microfinance may have helped Carlos start a business, it did not make him an entrepreneur. Carlos dream was to build a Protestant ministry. To get there, he took out a loan in 1971 from the Institute for International Development IIDI, the precursor to Opportunity International, a Chicago-based microfinance institution. That transaction appears to be the first loan in modern microfinance history, though as Centre for Global Development Senior Fellow David Roodman notes, “people have been making small loans to help the poor for 500 years”. Opportunity International was one of the first organisations to experiment with making financial services available to the poor to help them launch enterprises. Accion International began making loans in Latin America in 1973. Nobel laureate Muhammad Yunus perfected the model and succeeded in scaling up the movement with the launch of the Grameen Bank in 1976. All inspired millions to rally behind entrepreneurship. What has held them back has been the ability to make a go of those businesses. According to Inc magazine and the National Business Incubator Association, 50% of new US businesses fail within the first five years. Lack of capital is largely to blame. In Africa, Latin America and many parts of Asia, banks are unwilling to lend, and venture capital and angel investing are virtually nonexistent. Microfinance can fill this gap, but its often not enough to sustain a business. Moreno says that it is a mistake to believe that everyone in the developing world is interested in running a small business. “Most people just want a job.” In a country like Colombia, where there are limited educational and employment options, that is hard. Everyone is forced, out of necessity, to create his or her own livelihood.
- Stop conflating microfinance and entrepreneurship (blogs.reuters.com)
- Microfinance Film Showing (bramhalluo.wordpress.com)
- What Went Wrong with Microfinance? (business.time.com)
- A Pakistani’s ‘virtuous cycle’ plan uplifts the poor with dignity (myglobalcommunitytoday.wordpress.com)
- New trends in Microfinance (stimuluscapitalideas.wordpress.com)
- Harvard et al to identify how to address entrepreneur funding issues (stimuluscapitalideas.wordpress.com)
- Fighting a War of Inclusion (tonygallacher.wordpress.com)